Your endocrine system is responsible for the hormones that regulate many of your body’s functions. The effects of endocrine disorders may be subtle at first, but they are cumulative, and can lead to significant health effects. Often the endocrine disorders are evaluated according to their effects on other body systems. The endocrine system is made up of five major glands: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pancreas.
Pituitary Gland Disorders
The pituitary gland is located in your brain and it releases many hormones that affect growth, development, metabolism, blood pressure, water and electrolyte balance, pain relief, thyroid gland function, and reproductive function.
Thyroid Gland Disorders
The thyroid gland also regulates your body’s metabolism, and is capable of changing your body’s sensitivity to other hormones. Commonly known thyroid disorders can affect your weight and health. They can also cause blood pressure problems, heart arrhythmia, stroke, cognitive problems, mood disorders, and anxiety.
Parathyroid Gland Disorders
The parathyroid gland is located on the thyroid gland, but produces hormones that affect the amount of calcium in the blood and bones. It can lead to osteoporosis, kidney damage, muscle spasms, and other body problems.
Adrenal Gland Disorders
The adrenal gland produces hormones that help a person respond to stress. They produce steroids that can affect bone calcium levels, blood pressure, metabolism, mood, and mental state. They can result in disorders like osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart arrhythmia, weight loss, and mood disorders.
Pancreatic Gland disorders
The pancreas primarily produces hormones that regulate metabolism and digestion. Insulin is the most well-known hormone produced by the pancreatic gland, and diabetes mellitus is the best known pancreatic gland disorder.
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